I see an error saying “could not import myproject.settings”

py.test does not automatically add your project to the Python path, that is usually done when running tests via manage.py test.

The easiest way to get your project code available on the Python path is to create a setup.py like this:

from distutils.core import setup
setup(name='myproj', version='1.0')

And then install your project into your virtualenv with pip install -e ..

Alternatively, when you create a conftest.py file in your project root, it will also implicitly add that directory to the python path.

How can I make sure that all my tests run with a specific locale?

Activate a specific locale in your project’s conftest.py:

from django.utils.translation import activate

def pytest_runtest_setup(item):

My tests are not being picked up when I run py.test from the root directory. Why not?

By default, py.test looks for tests in files named test_*.py (note that this is not the same as test*.py). If you have your tests in files with other names, they will not be collected. It is common to put tests under app_directory/tests/views.py. To find those tests, create a pytest.ini file in your project root with the contents:


How can I avoid having to type DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=... to run the tests?

If you are using virtualenvwrapper, use a postactivate script to set DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE when your project’s virtualenv is activated.

This snippet should do the trick (replace yourproject.settings and make sure your virtualenv is active):

echo "export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=yourproject.settings" >> $VIRTUAL_ENV/bin/postactivate

How do South and pytest-django play together?

pytest-django detects South and applies its monkey-patch, which gets fixed to handle initial data properly (which South would skip otherwise, because of a bug).

Does this work with the pytest-xdist plugin?

Yes, pytest-django supports running tests in parallel with pytest-xdist. Each process created by xdist gets its own database that is used for the tests. This ensures that each test can run independently.